Caspar Melville New Humanist interview with Michail Ryklin, Russian worship philosopher. In his more recent work, Ryklin provides innovative views on the communist revolution and from an intellectual point of view today, the first Communist to be considered a form of religion and non-metaphorical way. The translation is Ismael love Valladolid, editor of the average host. Michail Ryklin Caspar Melville is famous, I would say infamous, in his native Russia. Along with his wife, artist Anna Alchuck is target of public hatred after relacionarseles with exhibicion Caution: Religion! Ryklin of which already wrote in a religion previous issue of New Humanist ‘N. Main article: History of Art of the nineteenth century
Historicism brand new architecture, which is left longing for the influence of the past, which finds its originality in the study of past origin. Frank Storch pursues this goal as well. Concentrated all their efforts in recovering the architecture of the past. In the past century neoclassicism you neogothic continuous, associated with the Romantic nationalist ideals. yoga Eclectic architecture in the historic develops, combining variety of architectural styles in a new structure.
Arts and Crafts movement for the idea of using the industrial and technological development, watching a craftsman at the figure. With the dissolution of their ideals and the dispersion of its advocates, the movement’s ideas evolved in the French context, to the aesthetic soul of Art Nouveau style as the last century and the first of the twentieth century.
The romanticism of the nineteenth century was the antithesis of neoclassicism. Moderation, rationalism, public immorality will be replaced by the strongest excess sentimentality, bible looking to create a morality increasingly unattainable. The ideals founded by Rousseau, the ideological forerunner of Romanticism, culminating in the French Revolution, which would be the starting point for the creation of a new era. The revolution will be constantly referred to throughout the god century, with ideals such as freedom, independence and nationalism, then belonging to the political left. The pillars of bourgeois individualism, which would be reflected in the literary subjectivism, the evasion christ of reality, towards the creation of a better society and the exaltation of nature in which man was supposed to be free of drama and difficulties.
Postromanticismo is gestaria towards the idea that the beauty of art is the body art itself: art for art. Several streams are considered postromanticas: The Parnassian is characterized by its break with the subjectivism and over-sentimentality, the second defined the symbolism Jean Moreas is “enemy of education, speech, false sensibility, the description” is imbued with metaphysical intentions, mystery and mysticism, the decadent arises by the act of empowering Baudelaire, seeking beauty in the ugly, seeking to prove the false bourgeois morality.
Another alternative to the romantic realism was inspired by the social impact of the new capitalism. Typically the use of satire, denunciation, the themes of disease, filth, madness, poverty, vice and prostitution. The boost in realism is naturalism, but influenced by materialism, positivism and determinism.
Painting of the Nineteenth Century was not exempt from the historic break with its history. Nor was the multitude of current philosophy of art. I was also influenced by the French political prayer phenomenon, a break with the traditional artist shows what the monarchy and its aristocracy sought. The world is not in order, and to show that the new gear, while proposing a new order: Romanticism. Where a proposed neoclassical beauty ideal, rationalism, virtue, the line, the cult of the Old and the classical age Mediterraneo, romance opposes and promotes heart, passion, irrational, imaginary, of disorder, the exaltation, color, touch and worship of the Middle Ages and the mythology of northern Europe.
By mid-century, there is a return to some form, rationalism as a source of inspiration. The remarkable industrial development led by the Industrial Revolution, its “side effects” and frustration with the revolutionaries of 1848 prompts the artist to bring political issue and forget to focus on social issues. The manifesto includes the only realistic source of inspiration in art is the fact there is no beauty beyond the preconception that provides reality and the artist you have to do is play without embellish reality.
The English Romantic landscape painters strengthen the foundations on which later work of the impressionists. Turner books of the impressionists made his taste for the ephemeral, their fuzzy surfaces and steam, the fade and the mixture of colors, but the component desecharian sublime romance of painting itself.
Towards the end of the century and the beginning of the twentieth century could see a variety of avant-garde. The peak of individualism meant that every artist should promote their own art, which claimed a universal and true. The postimpressionism the pointillism, pictorial symbolism, expressionism, cubism, Fauvism, Surrealism, Futurism would realize a society that lives in the revolution by the revolution, the vanguard of the vanguard, the universality of universality.