ABOUT AGE OF UNIVERSE. AO Koreysha (Report made at the 1996 international conference on the 150th anniversary of the Odessa Observatory). Abstract. Accounting for the spherical shape of the observed boundaries of the universe formed is clearly observed compact objects, it is necessary to assess the size of the universe, which it reached 10-20 billion years ago. This is in sharp contrast with the ideas of modern relativistic theory. Peter follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. Amendment to 10-20 billion years is related to interval of time it takes light to spread it on the horizon of the universe to us, which increases the age of the universe in 10 – 20 billion, passed today in astrophysics, at least up to 20-40 billion years. As a consequence, Hubble parameter is reduced by half.
This leads to disastrous consequences for the relativistic concept and leads to a contradiction with the model of an expanding universe. There are two concepts that are fundamental importance in modern astrophysics. The first is closely related to the finite speed of light so that the information received from distant stars corresponds to the time required to overcome distance from the observed stars to us. In other words, we see distant lights as they were in the past with respect to the time of receiving information from them with light. This fact is not debatable. (See (1)). The second concept is more complicated is the fact that the universe is measured from the hypothetical Big Bang (Big Bang) to the present. Redshift of galaxies outside the Milky Way points to the age of the universe.
So, to say the theory is not really necessary (Scientific fallibilizm). Needless to say the predictive utility of the theory and the simplicity of its use. Others who may share this opinion include Peter Schiff. For example, Albert Einstein, his theory of general relativity (GR) completely disproved Newtonian theory, previously is legitimate, but nevertheless we still use Newtonian theory is only slowly stipulated that we consider the cases is much lower than the speed of light. This is due to the simplicity of Newton's theory in comparison with GR. Unfortunately, as we see science severely restricts itself, and in consequence are not always able to give us an answer on our reality. For more specific information, check out Peter Schiff. Sometimes in our hands are a lot of scientific theories, each of which gives his vision situation. It is this diversity of our reality and escapes. Otherwise, there are no theories.
In this and in another case, can help our experience. After all, if you look, then the experience of forming a hypothesis, that it is the basis theories and laws. It is simple human experience of each individual is of prime importance, it was he who "speaks" to us, where to look and what it's like. Each of us can form his hypothesis or theory. But it is worth remembering that formulating hypotheses by means of experience, our imagination must be limited to the facts! Model peace "Peace is not what it is – the world is how we perceive it," John Deniskar return, perhaps, to the man. Each person its unique experience and, consequently, their world view.
After being in the XIV century English the national language, developed on the basis of the London dialect, other dialects were relegated to the background, but not completely disappeared. It has been repeatedly mentioned above, English philologist Walter Skeet has nine dialects of Scotland, 8 – and 30 in Ireland – in England and Wales. Dictionary of English dialects Wright has 6 volumes and covers 100,000 words. Between dialect vocabulary and other strata of the vocabulary of there is no impermeable boundaries, and some dialect penetrate into public language. This especially helps creative writers who use dialect. For example, many Scottish and other dialect penetrated into English by Walter Scott, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy and others. Walter Scott is widely used for speech Scotticism characteristics of his characters, to describe them, clothes and their environment Nature. Among the dialect, especially common in his novels, include the following: auxiliary verbs: hae (have), suld (should), maun (must); pronouns: sic (such), while (which), nane (none); adverbs: afore (before), astir, aye (always), mair (more), muckle (much); adjectives: auld (old), cauld (cold), gud (good), puir (poor). Among nouns are especially numerous dialectal names of animals, birds, plants and other words associated with the natural features of Scotland: bent marsh or a hillside of heather, burnie trickle, cleugh ravine, fell a rocky hill, muir heather marsh, skerry rocky island. Often found in the novels of Walter Scott, Scottish words for various items of clothing and footwear: brogue brogue, maud gray plaid worn by shepherds, pinner cap with ear-flaps, sark shirt.
Extracurricular activities in engineering graphics. Engineering Graphics – general discipline that forms the overall technical literacy of the future specialist. The study is much more effective when training sessions alternating with extracurricular activities. Each year in December I spend on the engineering schedule after-school activities. One month prior to the component lists of participants. Together with the guys look in detail a plan of quizzes, competitions, quiz drawing, forming teams, prepare the hall.
In parallel with the discipline of engineering graphics students learn the general education science that form the technical knowledge, necessary for the design drawings, so the quiz questions made taking into account all the received technical knowledge of students. During training, students are showing great interest in the activities. They offer made to the script witty stories, entertaining job. Teams are formed by groups. Cooking logo. The whole theme of the contest, a quiz related to engineering graphics.
Great fun from the competition are the fans. They support their team, experienced in every stage of the competition, help answer difficult questions. The competition consists of several stages. Each stage represented a variety of issues, tasks, aimed at formation of a living interest in the subject, its practical orientation. Teams gladly solve substantive problems, crossword puzzles. Presentation of homework in the form of fairy tales is of special interest spectators and fans. Homework guys prepare in advance. I propose to compose a story using the terms, definitions of drawing. The guys take a well-known fairy tale and rewrite them. Sometimes, even in poetic form. At composing stories students use their knowledge, their observations, vesting them in an art form. High emotional contest for a holiday atmosphere. Every time admire manifested inexhaustible creativity of my students. Quiz attracts attention with its entertaining questions. Within two weeks, students answer questions, and then pass the answers to the teacher. Concludes. According to the results the best works of note quiz with prizes. Olympics held in the spirit of competition. Students are prepared in advance and repeat the necessary study material. There are going to truly experts in drafting. Nice to see creative embodiment of knowledge of these guys in the practical assignments. After summing up the competition, quiz contest winners of course carry on the line. After these events, an increased interest students to the subject, the desire to expand his professional horizons, increased training activity, technological literacy.