26. October 2014 · Comments Off on Modern Administration · Categories: News · Tags:

Readers. Henry Ford (1863-1947) perhaps either one of people more known of world of Administration modern, initiated its life with simple mechanic arriving to occupy position of engineer head of one manufactures, to put its greater done was to have constituted Ford Motor Company whose one of biggest the success was Ford Model T, that in Brazil was known as Mustache Ford, was the product that popularized the automobile and revolutionized the automobile industry, was produced per 19 years between the years of 1908 and 1927 were propagate a trustworthy, robust vehicle, insurance and mainly cheap any was capable of dirigiz or to fix it. In 1913 plant already produced 800 cars for day, with implantation of assembly line Henry Ford created system of mat, that put into motion the form car that each laborer executed its operation, this increased very in the productivity, an car was ready to each 98 minutes, the production in series, revolutionized the automobile industry. In 1926 already it had 88 plants and it produced 2.000.000 of cars per year. Beyond being a great entrepreneur and to have projected the system of assembly line also known Fordismo which the other contributions? the assistance 1.Criou technique of great reach; it 2.Repartiu in 1914, part of the shareholding control of the company with the employees; it 3.Estabeleceu day of 8 hours and minimum wage of U$5,00/dia; a system of horizontal and vertical concentration 4.Utilizou where it produced since the substance initial cousin to the product finished creating until the proper distribution through agencies. Ford also adopted three basic principles in its business-oriented career of man: 1.Princpio of intensification: reduction of the production time and fast rank of the product in the market. 2.Princpio of economicidade: to reduce to the minimum the volume of the supply of the substance cousin in transformation thus to recoup quickly costs with substances cousins and wages for example. 3.

Principle of the productivity: to increase the capacity of production of the man in the same period (productivity) by means of the specialization. From the decade of 1970, the doctrine of Ford passed for a revision, the call after-fordismo, the characteristics of this new model was to the adoption of the flexibilizao of the relations of consumption work, the companies had left for the conquest of external markets searching other continents and developed the concept of ‘ ‘ just in time’ ‘ , that she determines that the companies must produce of fast, efficient form, enxuta and to only take care of demands, without the maintenance of great supplies allowing as soon as the companies if adaptem better and with little costs the new trends of the market, for some authors the toyotismo, is considered one of the exponents of the one after-fordismo. She is interesting to notice that certain ideas that we only consider old and exceeded in the reality had perfected with passing of the years therefore go to give to more attention the old subjects, perhaps perfecting some of them let us can find the solution of ours problems. We go to reflect on this!