31. August 2014 · Comments Off on The Philosophy Of Immanuel Kant · Categories: News · Tags:

Immanuel Kant had a monotonous life; it was not married, neither it had children and it never left its native city: Knigsberg. In its life nothing of extraordinary is not distinguished. It is, however, the first one of the great philosophers to lecionar in a university. However, few philosophers had had a life without fabulosos elements that generally are found in the biographies of the great personalities. The philosophical workmanship of Kant is marcante in the history of the modern philosophy.

In the daily pay-critical phase we can consider Kant as a typical representative of the dogmtico rationalism. This strong is evidenced because of its influence of Leibniz and Wolff, over all in the German context of its time. The work of awaking it of the dogmatismo fit to the reading of David Hume. The humeano skepticism shook Kant who tried a defense of the rationalism against the skeptical empirismo. Of this form, Immanuel Kant noticed that the questions raised for the empiristas had taken it to elaborate its critical rationalism (or criticism) in the intention to surpass the existing rivalry between rationalism and the empirismo.

The critical idea of Kant alone appears in 1781, as already explicitado, with the Critical one of the pure reason. Its philosophy is fruit of a long process of elaboration and it lead what it to this idea was not, however, the rejections to classic metaphysics, but the fact to possess the conscience of the uncertainty of these conclusions and the weakness of the arguments which metaphysics were based. Making the reading of Hume, Kant it understood, then, that it was necessary to rethink metaphysics. The skeptical empirismo of Hume, particularly its critical to the cause and effect, left the baseless racionalistas positions. According to humeano thought, the reason is incapable to think a priori, and through concepts, any necessary relation as the nexus of cause and effect.

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