24. April 2012 · Comments Off on Soviet Tower Of Babel · Categories: News · Tags: ,

Tower – Monument to the Third International (Tatlin's Tower) – the most popular overseas product of Soviet sculptures and architecture. In the United States and Western Europe, this tower is considered one of the most enigmatic characters of culture of the twentieth century. Tatlin entirely renounced the architectonics of traditional mullion-beam and frame structures, which bear a metaphoric formula to overcome the forces of gravity and the inertia of matter. "As a principle must be … to approve the monument was the site of the most intense movement: the least it should stand and sit, you should bear the mechanical …

"Steel spiral tower effortlessly lifted up into the sky – in the form of a spiral based on the idea of motion. Visually, this movement is supported by filling turns triangular designs, facing a sharp angle up, but actually implement it numerous electric elevators connecting parts of the building. Category motion is interpreted not only metaphorically, but really – the movement of elevators, free hover in space and the rotation of the main building volume on its axis are Art image. Project "tower", appeared in the devastated by two wars and the revolution half-starved country and the first step in lifting the innovative architectural creation as we do, and in the West. It is a huge building in its conception, height of 400 m, consisting of a mast-based console, double twist, forward-up of steel coils and suspended between crystal volume of a cube, pyramid, cylinder, hemisphere, breaks all the traditional ideas about architecture. It has gained worldwide fame and become a way of stimulating the creative idea of modern architects to this day. "Tatlin Tower" has been long forgotten.

But, fortunately, not forever. Worth of officials Cultural announce the participation of the Soviet Union in a world or simply an international exhibition of contemporary art, as West put the necessary condition: there must be the work of the Constructivists and especially Vladimir Tatlin. USSR Ministry of Culture, which had so wanted to export to overseas exhibitions ideologically "correct" the artists had to make concessions, and the West gradually gained access to the constructivist works Russian avant-garde of the twenties. Copies tatlinskogo layout adorned the Guggenheim Museum in the USA and many museums of modern art in Western Europe. "Tower" and today are held in universities and high schools around the world as one of the peaks of world culture.